Skin Diver Online HomeEnter our Email Contest
  • DIVING NEWS|
  • FEATURES|
  • ARTICLES|
  • SERVICES|
  • CONTACT US|
  • SCUBA GEAR|
  • DIVE SAFETY|
  • TRAVEL|
  • EQUIPMENT|
  • FIND|
  • [Country flag of Grenada]

    Grenada

    [Country map of Grenada]

    Geography

    Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

    Geographic coordinates: 12 07 N, 61 40 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total : 340 sq km
    land: 340 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area - comparative: twice the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 121 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

    Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point : Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

    Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

    Land use:
    arable land : 15%
    permanent crops: 18%
    permanent pastures: 3%
    forests and woodland: 9%
    other: 55% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

    Environment - current issues: NA

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography - note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

    People

    Population: 95,537 (July 1997 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 43% (male 21,051; female 20,335)
    15-64 years: 52% (male 26,473; female 23,181)
    65 years and over: 5% (male 2,090; female 2,407) (July 1997 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.66% (1997 est.)

    Birth rate: 28.61 births/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Death rate: 5.53 deaths/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Net migration rate: -16.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
    65 years and over : 0.87 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (1997 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births (1997 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 71.13 years
    male: 68.58 years
    female: 73.72 years (1997 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 3.71 children born/woman (1997 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Grenadian(s)
    adjective: Grenadian

    Ethnic groups: black

    Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant sects 33.2%

    Languages: English (official), French patois

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 98%
    male : 98%
    female: 98% (1970 est.)

    Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Grenada

    Data code: GJ

    Government type: parliamentary democracy

    National capital: Saint George's

    Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

    Independence: 7 February 1974 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

    Constitution: 19 December 1973

    Legal system: based on English common law

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II of the UK (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)
    head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
    elections: none; the queen is a hereditary monarch; governor general appointed by the queen; prime minister appointed by the governor general from among the members of the House of Assembly

    Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and three by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held on 20 June 1995 (next to be held by NA October 2000)
    election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NNP 8, NDC 5, GULP 2

    Judicial branch: West Indies Associate States Supreme Court, an associate judge resides in Grenada

    Political parties and leaders: National Democratic Congress or NDC [George BRIZAN]; Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Sir Eric GAIRY]; The National Party or TNP [Ben JONES]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]; Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement or MBPM [Terrence MARRYSHOW]; The Democratic Labor Party or DLP [Francis ALEXIS]

    International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE
    chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission : the ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada; Charge d'Affaires Dennis CARTER
    embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's
    mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, West Indies
    telephone : [1] (809) 444-1173 through 1178
    FAX: [1] (809) 444-4820

    Flag description: a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions

    Economy

    Economy - overview: The agriculturally based economy was hurt in 1996 by the emergence of the pink mealy bug which destroyed much of the cocoa harvest. Bananas, a major foreign exchange earner, also suffered due to falling prices, low production, and poor quality. Tourism, the leading foreign exchange earner, continued to do well, as did manufacturing. Construction boomed in 1996 due to concessions for low and middle income mortgages. The government introduced a 5% tax on electricity and telephones and doubled the general consumption tax, which caused a small rise in the inflation rate. The tourist industry faces stiff competition over the next few years.

    GDP: purchasing power parity - $300 million (1996 est.)

    GDP - real growth rate: 3% (1996 est.)

    GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,160 (1996 est.)

    GDP - composition by sector:
    agriculture: 10.2%
    industry: 40.3%
    services: 49.5% (1994 est.)

    Inflation rate - consumer price index: 2.6% (1996 est.)

    Labor force:
    total: 36,000
    by occupation: services 31%, agriculture 24%, construction 8%, manufacturing 5%, other 32% (1985)

    Unemployment rate: 20% (1 October 1996)

    Budget:
    revenues : $75.7 million (1996 est.)
    expenditures: $126.7 million, including capital expenditures of $51 million (1996 est.)

    Industries: food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction

    Industrial production growth rate: 1.8% (1992 est.)

    Electricity - capacity: 17,300 kW (1995)

    Electricity - production: 88 million kWh (1995)

    Electricity - consumption per capita: 794 kWh (1995 est.)

    Agriculture - products: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables

    Exports:
    total value: $24 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
    commodities: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
    partners : Caricom 32.3%, UK 20%, US 13%, Netherlands 8.8% (1991)

    Imports:
    total value: $128 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
    commodities: food 25%, manufactured goods 22%, machinery 20%, chemicals 10%, fuel 6% (1989)
    partners: US 31.2%, Caricom 23.6%, UK 13.8%, Japan 7.1% (1991)

    Debt - external: $97 million (1996 est.)

    Economic aid:
    recipient: ODA, $NA

    Currency: 1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

    Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

    Fiscal year: calendar year

    Communications

    Telephones: 5,650 (1988 est.)

    Telephone system: automatic, islandwide telephone system
    domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
    international: new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0

    Radios: 80,000 (1993 est.)

    Television broadcast stations: 1 (1988 est.)

    Televisions: 30,000 (1993 est.)

    Transportation

    Railways: 0 km

    Highways:
    total: 1,020 km
    paved: 624 km
    unpaved : 396 km (1995 est.)

    Ports and harbors: Grenville, Saint George's

    Merchant marine: none

    Airports: 3 (1996 est.)

    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (1996 est.)

    Military

    Military branches: Royal Grenada Police Force, Coast Guard

    Military manpower - availability:
    males age 15-49 : NA

    Military manpower - fit for military service:
    males: NA

    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA

    Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%

    Transnational Issues

    Disputes - international: none

    Illicit drugs: small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US