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  • [Country flag of Guam]

    Guam

    [Country map of Guam]

    (territory of the US)

    Geography

    Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

    Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 541.3 sq km
    land: 541.3 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area - comparative: three times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 125.5 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

    Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m

    Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

    Land use:
    arable land: 11%
    permanent crops: 11%
    permanent pastures : 15%
    forests and woodland: 18%
    other: 45% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)

    Environment - current issues: NA

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography - note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

    People

    Population: 160,595 (July 1997 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: NA
    15-64 years: NA
    65 years and over: NA

    Population growth rate: 2.5% (1997 est.)

    Birth rate: 23.35 births/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Death rate: 3.86 deaths/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Net migration rate: 3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: NA male(s)/female
    under 15 years: NA male(s)/female
    15-64 years: NA male(s)/female
    65 years and over : NA male(s)/female
    total population: NA male(s)/female

    Infant mortality rate: 15.17 deaths/1,000 live births (1997 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 74.29 years
    male: 72.42 years
    female: 76.13 years (1997 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 2.16 children born/woman (1997 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Guamanian(s)
    adjective: Guamanian

    Ethnic groups: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%

    Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%

    Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population : 99%
    male: 99%
    female: 99% (1990 est.)

    Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Territory of Guam
    conventional short form: Guam

    Data code: GQ

    Dependency status: organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior

    Government type: NA

    National capital: Agana

    Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

    Independence: none (territory of the US)

    National holiday: Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March) (1521); Liberation Day, 21 July (1944)

    Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950

    Legal system: modeled on US; federal laws apply

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President of the US William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January 1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
    head of government: Governor Carl GUTIERREZ (since 8 November 1994) and Lieutenant Governor Madeleine BORDALLO (since 8 November 1994)
    cabinet: executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
    elections : governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote and serve four-year terms; election last held 8 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1998)
    election results: Carl GUTIERREZ elected governor of Guam; percent of vote - Carl GUTIERREZ (Democrat) 54.6%, Tommy TANAKA (Republican) NA%

    Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature (21 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
    elections: last held 5 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 1998)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican 11, Democratic 10
    note: Guam elects one delegate to the US House of Representatives; elections last held 5 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 1998); results - Robert UNDERWOOD was reelected as delegate; percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democrat 1

    Judicial branch: Federal District Court, judge is appointed by the president; Territorial Superior Court, judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor

    Political parties and leaders: Republican Party (controls the legislature); Democratic Party (party of the Governor)

    International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), IOC, SPC

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)

    Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)

    Flag description: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag

    Economy

    Economy - overview: The economy depends mainly on US military spending and on revenue generated by the tourism industry. Over the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More than one million tourists visit Guam each year. Most food and industrial goods are imported, with about 75% from the US. Guam faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.

    GDP: purchasing power parity - $3 billion (1996 est.)

    GDP - real growth rate: NA%

    GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $19,000 (1996 est.)

    GDP - composition by sector:
    agriculture: NA%
    industry: NA%
    services : NA%

    Inflation rate - consumer price index: 4% (1992 est.)

    Labor force:
    total : 46,930 (1990)
    by occupation: federal and territorial government 40%, private 60% (trade 18%, services 15.6%, construction 13.8%, other 12.6%) (1990)

    Unemployment rate: 2% (1992 est.)

    Budget:
    revenues : $525 million
    expenditures: $395 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991)

    Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

    Industrial production growth rate: NA%

    Electricity - capacity: 302,000 kW (1993)

    Electricity - production: 750 million kWh (1994)

    Electricity - consumption per capita: 4,566 kWh (1995 est.)

    Agriculture - products: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef

    Exports:
    total value : $34 million (f.o.b., 1984)
    commodities: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
    partners: US 25%, former Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 63%, other 12%

    Imports:
    total value: $493 million (c.i.f., 1984)
    commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
    partners: US 23%, Japan 19%, other 58%

    Debt - external: $NA

    Economic aid:
    recipient: although Guam receives no foreign aid, it does receive large transfer payments from the general revenues of the US Federal Treasury into which Guamanians pay no income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guamanian Treasury, rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam

    Currency: 1 United States dollar (US$) = 100 cents

    Exchange rates: US currency is used

    Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

    Communications

    Telephones: 74,317 (March 1997)

    Telephone system:
    domestic: NA
    international : satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to US and Japan

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0

    Radios: NA

    Television broadcast stations: 3

    Televisions: 75,000 (1993 est.)

    Transportation

    Railways: 0 km

    Highways:
    total: 674 km (all-weather roads)
    paved : NA km
    unpaved: NA km

    Ports and harbors: Apra Harbor

    Merchant marine: none

    Airports: 4

    Airports - with paved runways:
    total : 4
    over 3,047 m: 2
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (1996 est.)

    Military

    Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

    Transnational Issues

    Disputes - international: none