Skin Diver Online HomeEnter our Email Contest
  • DIVING NEWS|
  • FEATURES|
  • ARTICLES|
  • SERVICES|
  • CONTACT US|
  • SCUBA GEAR|
  • DIVE SAFETY|
  • TRAVEL|
  • EQUIPMENT|
  • FIND|
  • [Country flag of Micronesia, Federated States of]

    Federated States of

    Micronesia

    [Country map of Micronesia, Federated States of]

    Geography

    Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

    Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 15 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 702 sq km
    land : 702 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae

    Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 6,112 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

    Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point : Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Totolom 791 m

    Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals

    Land use:
    arable land : NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: NA%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

    Environment - current issues: NA

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography - note: four major island groups totaling 607 islands

    People

    Population: 127,616 (July 1997 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: NA
    15-64 years : 35% (est.)
    65 years and over: NA

    Population growth rate: 3.33% (1997 est.)

    Birth rate: 27.75 births/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Death rate: 6.14 deaths/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1997 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: NA male(s)/female
    under 15 years: NA male(s)/female
    15-64 years : NA male(s)/female
    65 years and over: NA male(s)/female
    total population: NA male(s)/female

    Infant mortality rate: 35.11 deaths/1,000 live births (1997 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 68.18 years
    male: 66.21 years
    female: 70.18 years (1997 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 3.93 children born/woman (1997 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Micronesian(s)
    adjective: Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

    Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

    Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other and none 3%

    Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean

    Literacy:
    definition : age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 89%
    male : 91%
    female: 88% (1980 est.)

    Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    conventional short form: none
    former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
    abbreviation: FSM

    Data code: FM

    Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

    National capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei)
    note: a new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

    Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk), Yap

    Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

    National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

    Constitution: 10 May 1979

    Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. SALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
    head of government: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. SALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
    cabinet: Cabinet
    elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms; election last held 11 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 1999); note - because of the vacancy to the post of vice president created after NENA left to become acting president, a new election to fill the position for the remaining two years of the term was held on 9 May 1997 (next to be held NA May 1999)
    election results: Bailey OLTER reelected president; percent of Congress vote - NA; Leo A. SALCAM elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA

    Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each of state - to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population - to serve two-year terms)
    elections: last held 7 March 1995 (next to be held NA March 1999)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 14

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court

    Political parties and leaders: no formal parties

    International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO, WMO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse B. MAREHALAU
    chancery : 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
    FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
    consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Cheryl MARTIN
    embassy: address NA, Kolonia
    mailing address : P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941
    telephone: [691] 320-2187
    FAX: [691] 320-2186

    Flag description: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

    Economy

    Economy - overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the 1990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

    GDP: purchasing power parity - $205 million (1994 est.)
    note: GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually

    GDP - real growth rate: 1.4% (1994 est.)

    GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,700 (1994 est.)

    GDP - composition by sector:
    agriculture: NA%
    industry: NA%
    services: NA%

    Inflation rate - consumer price index: 4% (1994 est.)

    Labor force: NA
    by occupation: two-thirds are government employees

    Unemployment rate: 27% (1989)

    Budget:
    revenues: $45 million
    expenditures: $31 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95 est.)

    Industries: tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

    Industrial production growth rate: NA%

    Electricity - capacity: 38,500 kW (1995)

    Electricity - production: NA kWh

    Electricity - consumption per capita: NA kWh

    Agriculture - products: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens

    Exports:
    total value: $29.1 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
    commodities : fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
    partners: Japan, US, Guam

    Imports:
    total value: $141.1 million (c.i.f., 1994 est.)
    commodities: food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
    partners: US, Japan, Australia

    Debt - external: $129 million

    Economic aid:
    recipient: under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US will provide $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001

    Currency: 1 United States dollar (US$) = 100 cents

    Exchange rates: US currency is used

    Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

    Communications

    Telephones: 960

    Telephone system:
    domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes)
    international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 1

    Radios: 17,000 (1993 est.)

    Television broadcast stations: 6

    Televisions: 1,290 (1993 est.)

    Transportation

    Railways: 0 km

    Highways:
    total: 235 km
    paved: 41 km
    unpaved: 194 km (1995 est.)

    Ports and harbors: Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen

    Merchant marine: none

    Airports: 5 (1996 est.)

    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 4
    1,524 to 2,437 m : 4 (1996 est.)

    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (1996 est.)

    Military

    Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

    Transnational Issues

    Disputes - international: none